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In pursuit of demonstrating the problem of an organizational syntax of public open urban space, the thesis is divided into three main parts; a theoretical (chapters one and two), an analytical (chapters three and four), and an experimental (chapter five).
The first part forms a synthetic explanation of the tools and premises available in order to understand and analyze the problem of syntactic representation of the public open urban spaces. Through the speculation of points of views of important architectural figures who scrutinized on the problem during specific circumstances and periods (look at fundamental bibliography), this theoretical part extracts the current knowledge of the compositional frameworks of public open urban space design. The categories of speculation include studies in the origins of urban spatial perception, symbolism, the role of the ground, the installations of art elements into the urban spaces, the role of the infrastructure and secondary urban spaces of the periphery. As a result of this theoretical research, and in pursuit of finding tools for the syntactic analysis of the second part of the thesis, the research goes deeper on the extracted keywords of layers, information availability, structure, framing, field, concept, ground, articulation, orientation and path, always in relation to the public open urban space application.
The second part of the thesis is a syntactic analysis of the public open urban space investigations during the CIAM 8 congress in Hoddesdon in 1951, along with the continuation of paradigms with the works of Team 10, from 1959 until1966, in search for new vocabularies of public open urban space communication and thematic strength of design. This part is mostly a diagrammatic and schematic analysis of the public space solutions presented formally during the symposiums of the modern movement, at the same time reflecting on the continuation of keywords and themes, and the syntactic structural establishments of methods of open space communication to the public. This part of the thesis is an innovative extraction of a theoretical structural framework of the public open urban space that started to take shape during the problems of modernity. The goal is to understand and embody the continuation of public open urban space solutions, in pursuit of forming new paradigms of public open urban space evolution in our contemporary times.
This part continues in chapter four with the involvement of heritage considerations and interventional theory, in relation to the public open urban space leading into the schematic analysis of the public open urban spaces that fall onto the three first infrastructural rings ofMilan. The schemes are primarily analyzed according to the keywords of the theory, and present a methodology of public open urban space perceptual understanding. More strongly involved with deep heritage considerations, chapter four investigates the schematic syntactic understanding also of the area of theThissioParkinAthens, schematically elaborating on some of the keywords of the thesis.
The third part of the thesis involves the experimentation of contemporary public open urban space solutions that took place during four workshop investigations, in which many of the theoretical considerations of this thesis were elaborated through practical effectiveness. The projects involve a synthesis of public open urban spaces in the peripheral area of area Trucca in Bergamo; a combination of an architectural synthesis of cultural pavilions with sequences of public open urban spaces taking the form of a ‘mosaic of cultures’, in the center of Milan; and a sustainable public open urban space design on the international trade fair grounds of Thessaloniki in Greece.
The goal of the thesis is the demonstration of tools and premises for the understanding of the perceptual and structural qualities of public open urban spaces through studies of selected researches and samples, in order to demonstrate actions for the creation of secure and quality spaces in the contemporary environment.
The final thesis will be a syntactic representation of case study analysis and methodological suggestions for new designs and interventions, based on fundamental theory of civic art.