“Nowadays it is not easy for us to imagine the important role that the central square played in the life of an old city. Traffic and exchange of thoughts, in the days where the printing press and newspapers were unknown, took pace much more intensely on the marketplace; for us, who find our world-wide daily news at the breakfast table and who are used to conducting most of our business by letters and telephone calls, it is enormously difficult to conceive the importance […] of the agora and forum (or of a medieval, Renaissance or Baroque square”.
[~Raymond Unwin, Town Planning in Practice. An Introduction to the Art of Designing Cities and Suburbs, T-Fisher-Unwin, London: 1971, (orig.1909), p.175.]
The following links show examples of a thorough diagrammatic and schematic analysis of the public space solutions presented formally during the symposium CIAM 8 in Hoddesdon in1951, forming an innovative extraction of a theoretical structural framework of the public open urban space that started to take shape during the problems of modernity:
For use of this work , reference: Leontiadis, Stefanie (2015) The Architecture of Public Open Urban Spaces: Syntax and Representation. Saarbrücken: Edizioni Accademiche Italiane .
>> look next: Team 10, 1957-1972